This time of the year is essential for numerous students throughout Brazil. The entrance examinations season for advanced schooling commences with the National Senior High School Examination (ENEM), organized with the Ministry of Education. The enem 2018 was originally exposed to assess the standard of secondary-level education in the country, but it really has changed to a content test now used for other purposes. Such as used for an admissions test towards the main federal universities as well as other public institutions, as a strong impact on the distribution of financial support to students, and as a requirement of fellowships and programs such as the Science Without Borders program.
There are actually almost 8 million students enrolled just for this year’s exam, who definitely are competing for approximately 250 thousand places inside the federal advanced schooling system, the so-called Unified Selection System (SISU). This examination is offered simultaneously throughout the whole country, inside the old design of printed examination copies requiring hand-written responses; this presents many logistical challenges and represents a big cost. Furthermore, the idea of the exam itself has proven detrimental to secondary education, as brilliantly discussed by Simon Schwartzman in the recent blog post.
Firstly, the growing dominance on this exam-which requires rather deep expertise in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, English, Portuguese, history, geography and writing- now effectively shapes our prime school curriculum with clear disadvantages for those who will not take part in the SISU as well as to those that tend not to mean to relate to any college in any way. As noted by Luiz Carlos Freitas in their blog, it is famous that policies according to “decisive” tests are becoming a significant detriment on the learning process of the scholars. Actually, it is worth mentioning that California just banned its high school graduation exit exam. The SFGate reported, “Some studies revealed that many California students who didn’t pass the exit exam performed in addition to those who did, if it arrived at other academic indicators for example annual standardized tests and sophistication work, indicating that factors apart from academic ability could be at play.”
In Brazil, we need to create a secondary education curriculum that could accommodate a definite degree of diversity, as continues to be completed in many other countries, not a single curriculum oriented to an examination that is certainly not relevant to all. A typical, general education core should be the basis of all the programs, combined with elective paths that supply either an even more specific and deeper knowledge for many who would like to pursue further academic studies or possibly a more specialized advanced schooling career or professional or technical preparation for graduates that will enter the labor market upon finishing studies. As noted by Schwarztman, “the secondary school has to be a time period of training and qualification, general and professional, instead of a long preparatory course to some college that not many will attend”. Thus, the enem 2018 edital would need to be modified, focusing on the evaluation in the secondary degree of instruction, considering the inevitable diversity students and student objectives throughout the system. It needs to be a broad knowledge test having a center on communication and mathematical reasoning with some other evaluations for your different paths that might be pursued by different students, such as a certification system for your technical and professional careers.
From your logistics viewpoint, it can be clear the old type of printed tests applied across the country is insane, and the exam ought to be offered at different moments as well as in different locations, using modern communication and knowledge technologies and devices, as used to administering tests elsewhere around the globe.
One of the primary justifications of your “unified entrance character” from the sisu 2018 was which it would make use of advanced schooling more democratic, mainly because it will allow students from the town to get a location at any federal university anywhere in america. However, besides the lack of financial support for students to advance to many other places to learn, the effective use of a huge test creates an even more elitist situation. HEIs based in regions far away from the greater developed part of the country have some of their degree programs filled up with students who may have relocated from wealthier region and skewing dexspky96 local applicant pool. This pushes cut-off scores higher, and also the universities lose the opportunity of selecting students more designed for the institution’s professional and pedagogical objectives. Even with the current policy of reserving a minimum of 50% in the new enrollment with quotas for students from certain racial groups or low socio-economic status, the funnel generally seems to get a lot more competitive, exaggerating further inequitable entry to tertiary education. Within the 2015 selection process, by way of example, the ration of applications per spot in the quota group was more than inside the open group.
In fact, previous studies indicate how the great most of seats at federal universities in Brazil will continue to be occupied by students who originate from more educated families, who studied in good private schools or the few public schools of excellence that exist across the country. Evidently, it has a direct correlation using the socio-economic status of the family, creating an asymmetry inside the selection process, perpetuating the inequalities of your Brazilian society. This can be another example of the numerous challenges that Brazil must immediately face, specially in education, to be able to continue development towards a far more just and democratic country.