Prostate cancer is a ailment that takes place in the male reproductive system. This cancer is extremely common as one of the most reasons for death in the states.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for production of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland can be found between your bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the condition we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, as it is usually without symptoms. This really is one answer to the question why this usually located in men aged 50 years and also the normally diagnosed from the seventies. Indeed in accordance with the age, symptom which had been not visible is going to be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by those with the condition is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you may found bleeding in urination, and the presence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The proper diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or with a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, will be the antigen if this within someone`s blood, your physician will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen is going to be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer continues to be under debate. Treatment methods vary, according to the stage. In the early stages works extremely well prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be carried out (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or even the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (removal of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is also usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured from the abdomen or perineal area, and the patient had to undergo hospital solution for 5-one week. Complications that may happen is the fact impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients who definitely are still active se-x-life, can be accomplished Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this technique causes psychological and physical effects that could not really tolerated through the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, does not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done on the cancer that had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to help remedy cancer of your, B and C. Usually if the chance of surgical procedures are too much, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy on the prostate gland can be carried out in numerous ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals with no need to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects for example decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (such as redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done around 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive right on prostate tissue by way of a small incision. The main advantage of this particular type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed straight to the prostate with tissue damage from the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is to reduce the level of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels are usually very effective in preventing the development and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater number of popular to take care of advanced prostate cancer. An illustration is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is known as chemical castration since it has the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given as injections, usually every ninety days. The side effects are nausea and vomiting, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs utilized for hormonal treatments are androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to prevent the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. The side effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is normally employed to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is proof against hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or combination of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that could used to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and be determined by the drugs given. You must carefully take into account the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to obtain the prostatitis treatment options that suit along with you.